Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Consumer Confidence Surveys – As Of November 26, 2014

Doug Short had a blog post of November 26, 2014 (“Michigan Consumer Sentiment for November Slightly Trims Its Strong Preliminary Reading“) in which he presents the latest Conference Board Consumer Confidence and Thomson/Reuters University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index charts.  They are presented below:
(click on charts to enlarge images)
Conference Board Consumer Confidence
Michigan Consumer Sentiment
There are a few aspects of the above charts that I find highly noteworthy.  Of course, the continuing subdued absolute levels of these two surveys is disconcerting.
Also, I find the “behavior” of these readings to be quite disparate as compared to the other post-recession periods, as shown in the charts between the gray shaded areas (the gray areas denote recessions as defined by the NBER.)
While I don’t believe that confidence surveys should be overemphasized, I find these readings to be very problematical, especially in light of a variety of other highly disconcerting measures highlighted throughout this blog.
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The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation
SPX at 2072.83 as this post is written

Money Supply Charts Through October 2014

For reference purposes, below are two sets of charts depicting growth in the money supply.
The first shows the MZM (Money Zero Maturity), defined in FRED as the following:
M2 less small-denomination time deposits plus institutional money funds.  Money Zero Maturity is calculated by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
Here is the “MZM Money Stock” (seasonally adjusted) chart, updated on November 21, 2014 depicting data through October 2014, with value $12,759.1 Billion:
MZM money supply through October 2014
Here is the “MZM Money Stock” chart on a “Percent Change From Year Ago” basis:
MZMSL_11-21-14 12759.1 Percent Change From Year Ago
Data Source: FRED, Federal Reserve Economic Data, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; accessed November 26, 2014:
The second set shows M2, defined in FRED as the following:
M2 includes a broader set of financial assets held principally by households. M2 consists of M1 plus: (1) savings deposits (which include money market deposit accounts, or MMDAs); (2) small-denomination time deposits (time deposits in amounts of less than $100,000); and (3) balances in retail money market mutual funds (MMMFs). Seasonally adjusted M2 is computed by summing savings deposits, small-denomination time deposits, and retail MMMFs, each seasonally adjusted separately, and adding this result to seasonally adjusted M1.
Here is the “M2 Money Stock” (seasonally adjusted) chart, updated on November 20, 2014, depicting data through October 2014, with value $11,511.4 Billion:
M2SL October 2014
Here is the “M2 Money Stock” chart on a “Percent Change From Year Ago” basis:
M2SL_11-20-14 11511.4 Percent Change From Year Ago
Data Source: FRED, Federal Reserve Economic Data, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; accessed November 26, 2014:
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The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation
SPX at 2069.58 as this post is written

Chicago Fed National Financial Conditions Index (NFCI)

The St. Louis Fed’s Financial Stress Index (STLFSI) is one index that is supposed to measure stress in the financial system.  Its reading as of the November 26, 2014 update (reflecting data through November 21) is -1.088.
Of course, there are a variety of other measures and indices that are supposed to measure financial stress and other related issues, both from the Federal Reserve as well as from private sources.
Two other indices that I regularly monitor include the Chicago Fed National Financial Conditions Index (NFCI) as well as the Chicago Fed Adjusted National Financial Conditions Index (ANFCI).
Here are summary descriptions of each, as seen in FRED:
The National Financial Conditions Index (NFCI) measures risk, liquidity and leverage in money markets and debt and equity markets as well as in the traditional and “shadow” banking systems. Positive values of the NFCI indicate financial conditions that are tighter than average, while negative values indicate financial conditions that are looser than average.
The adjusted NFCI (ANFCI). This index isolates a component of financial conditions uncorrelated with economic conditions to provide an update on how financial conditions compare with current economic conditions.
For further information, please visit the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago’s web site:
Below are the most recently updated charts of the NFCI and ANFCI, respectively.
The NFCI chart below was last updated on November 26, incorporating data from January 5,1973 to November 21, 2014, on a weekly basis.  The November 21, 2014 value is -.90:
(click on chart to enlarge image)
NFCI 11-26-14
Data Source: FRED, Federal Reserve Economic Data, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; accessed November 26, 2014:
The ANFCI chart below was last updated on November 26, incorporating data from January 5,1973 to November 21, 2014, on a weekly basis.  The November 21, 2014 value is -.47:
ANFCI 11-26-14
Data Source: FRED, Federal Reserve Economic Data, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; accessed November 26, 2014:
_________
I post various indicators and indices because I believe they should be carefully monitored.  However, as those familiar with this blog are aware, I do not necessarily agree with what they depict or imply.
_____
The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation
SPX at 2068.66 as this post is written

Durable Goods New Orders – Long-Term Charts Through October 2014

Many people place emphasis on Durable Goods New Orders as a prominent economic indicator and/or leading economic indicator.
For reference, below are charts depicting this measure.
First, from the St. Louis Fed site (FRED), a chart through October, updated on November 26, 2014.  This value is 243, 806 ($ Millions) :
(click on charts to enlarge images)
Durable Goods New Orders October 2014
Here is the chart depicting this measure on a “Percentage Change from a Year Ago” basis:
DGORDER_11-26-14 243806 Percent Change From Year Ago
Data Source: FRED, Federal Reserve Economic Data, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis: Manufacturers’ New Orders:  Durable Goods [DGORDER]; U.S. Department of Commerce: Census Bureau; accessed November 26, 2014;
_________
I post various indicators and indices because I believe they should be carefully monitored.  However, as those familiar with this blog are aware, I do not necessarily agree with what they depict or imply.
_____
The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation
SPX at 2069.53 as this post is written

Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Corporate Profits As A Percentage Of GDP

In the last post (“3rd Quarter 2014 Corporate Profits“) I displayed, for reference purposes, a long-term chart depicting Corporate Profits After Tax.
There are many ways to view this measure, both on an absolute as well as relative basis.
One relative measure is viewing Corporate Profits as a Percentage of GDP.  I feel that this metric is important for a variety of reasons.  As well, the measure is important to a variety of parties, including investors, businesses, and government policy makers.
As one can see from the long-term chart below (updated through the first quarter), (After Tax) Corporate Profits as a Percentage of GDP is at levels that can be seen as historically (very) high.  While there are many reasons as to why this is so, from a going-forward standpoint I think it is important to recognize both that such a notable condition exists, as well as contemplate and/or plan for such factors and conditions that would come about if (and in my opinion “when”) a more historically “normal” ratio of Corporate Profits as a Percentage of GDP occurs.  This topic can be very complex in nature, and depends upon myriad factors.  In my opinion it deserves far greater recognition.
(click on chart to enlarge image)
corporate profits as a percent of GDP
Data Source: FRED, Federal Reserve Economic Data, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; accessed November 25, 2014
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The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation
SPX at 2070.84 as this post is written

3rd Quarter 2014 Corporate Profits

Today’s GDP release (Q3, 2nd Estimate)(pdf) was accompanied by the BLS Corporate Profits report for the 3rd Quarter.
Of course, there are many ways to adjust and depict overall Corporate Profits.  For reference purposes, here is a chart from the St. Louis Federal Reserve (FRED) showing the Corporate Profits After Tax (last updated November 25, 2014, with a value of $1872.7 Billion) :
after-tax corporate profits
Here is the Corporate Profits After Tax measure shown on a Percentage Change from a Year Ago perspective:
Corporate Profits percent change from year ago
Data Source: FRED, Federal Reserve Economic Data, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis: Corporate Profits After Tax [CP]; U.S. Department of Commerce: Bureau of Economic Analysis; accessed November 25, 2014; https://research.stlouisfed.org/fred2/series/CP
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The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation
SPX at 2068.08 as this post is written

Monday, November 24, 2014

Updates Of Economic Indicators November 2014

Here is an update of various indicators that are supposed to predict and/or depict economic activity. These indicators have been discussed in previous blog posts:
The November 2014 Chicago Fed National Activity Index (CFNAI)(pdf) updated as of November 24, 2014:
cfnai-ma3
As of November 21, 2014 (incorporating data through November 14, 2014) the WLI was at 133.2 and the WLI, Gr. was at -2.4%.
A chart of the WLI,Gr., from Doug Short’s post of November 21, 2014, titled “ECRI Recession Watch:  Update“:
ECRI WLI,Gr.
Here is the latest chart, depicting the ADS Index from December 31, 2007 through November 15, 2014:
ADS Index
As per the November 20, 2014 press release, titled “The Conference Board Leading Economic Index (LEI) for the U.S. Increased Again,” the LEI was at 105.2 and the CEI was at 110.2 in October.
An excerpt from the November 20 release:
“The upward trend in the LEI points to continued economic growth through the holiday season and into early 2015,” said Ken Goldstein, Economist at The Conference Board. “This is consistent with our outlook for relatively good, but not great, consumer demand over the near term. Going forward, there are continued concerns about slow business investment and lackluster income growth.”
Here is a chart of the LEI from Doug Short’s blog post of November 20 titled “Conference Board Leading Economic Index Increased Again in October“ :
Conference Board LEI
_________
I post various indicators and indices because I believe they should be carefully monitored.  However, as those familiar with this blog are aware, I do not necessarily agree with what they depict or imply.
_____
The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation
SPX at 2069.23 as this post is written

Markets During Periods Of Federal Reserve Intervention – November 24, 2014 Update

In the August 9, 2011 post (“QE3 – Various Thoughts“) I posted a chart that depicted the movements of the S&P500, 10-Year Treasury Yield and the Fed Funds rate spanning the periods of various Federal Reserve interventions since 2007.
For reference purposes, here is an updated chart (through November 20) from Doug Short’s blog post of November 21 (“ECRI Recession Watch:  Weekly Update“) :
markets during Fed intervention
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The Special Note summarizes my overall thoughts about our economic situation
SPX at 2063.50 as this post is written